Author Topic: Small Kiln & Hello  (Read 1153 times)

Offline jdtuttle

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Small Kiln & Hello
« on: January 15, 2013, 11:51:42 AM »
Thought I would say hello to everyone. I'm new to kiln drying & trying to absorb as much information as I can. I have a woodmizer sawmill and dry lumber in a 800 BF sauno de-humidification kiln. I sell a little lumber, make custom molding & woodwork. I'm retiring from code enforcement soon & would like to build a 3k to 4k BF kiln. I know,it's very small compared to what you guys run, but it's to supplement my income & keep me busy. I plan on building a chamber similar to Nyle's. I was going to buy a Nyle but I  was given a woodfired boiler. So, instead of giving all my slab wood & scraps away I'll use them to fire the boiler. I guess I'm looking for ideas on controls and any other advice you want to share.
Jim

Offline HencoV

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Re: Small Kiln & Hello
« Reply #1 on: January 20, 2013, 11:59:46 PM »
Being such a small kiln, and using a boiler, I assume you will be using hot water as energy source? If this is the case I would make sure that I match the heat exchangers with the kW output of the boiler to be as energy efficient as possible.

I would also keep the conrtrols simple. If I wanted some automatic control, that is not too expensive, I would go for a small PLC with build in HMI screen. You get all-in-one models that come with the basics...±4 Digital inputs (for push buttons and feedback),  ± 4 digital outputs (for activating motors, vents)2-4 PT100 / thermocouple inputs....) If you want to go this route, send me a PM, I can reccomend some models

Being so small I would not go for proportional venting, but on/off control...rather adjust the vents so they don't open too big.

Controlling your dry-bulb temperature can easily be achieved by controllling the water temperature from your boiler, by controlling the ID fan from the PLC...let it blow if temperature needs to be increased and shut off at a certain temp. You should be able to keep the DB withing a 2-3 Deg C band.

For humidification you can either go low pressure water spray, or a small steam bath with a heating element like the ones you find in an earn...

Good luck, it is a lot of fun building your own kiln
« Last Edit: January 21, 2013, 12:02:49 AM by HencoV »